Third Annual Report Of The Bureau Of Labor Statistics Of The State Of North Carolina: For The Year 1889 (Classic Reprint).pdf
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Publisher: Forgotten Books (13 Aug. 2016)
By: John C. Scarborough (Author)
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The following table is arranged to show the number of acres in each farm reported: the number of acres cultivated: the value of entire farm: value of the portion of the farm used in farming operations: the value of vehicles, tools, etc., used on the farm: and the value of other personal property, used or raised on the farm, such as horses, sheep, cows, hogs, etc. Also the value of products raised and sold from the farm, during the year 1889, in money. Also value of products raised and used on the farm for support of the family and. Hired help during the year, including that used by the live-stock, etc.
Also the cost of making the products of the farm for the year. This includes interest on invested capital at 8 per cent. Per annum: amount paid hired help in wages: estimated value, at usual prices, of the labor of members of the family, not paid wages, in money: amount paid for fertilizers during the year, for the crops raised: also cost of necessary articles of food not raised on farm, but bought for use on same, including that bought for stock as well as for persons.
Then, having the value in money of the products of the farm on the one side. And the cost of production, including interest on the invested capital, on the other side, the gain or loss to the farmer, on his own report, is shown in proper columns. It will be seen, by consulting these col umus, that the balance falls on the wrong side, for the farmer, in many cases. This report, taken by itself with the letters and explana tions of the farmers reporting herein, shows that 1889 was, to our farmers, a very disastrous year, by reason of poor crops, brought about by excessive rain-fall during the crop season. When taken in connection with the two previous reports from this Bureau, and the statements of the farmers therein made, it shows an exceedingly low state of agriculture. This, I think, is shown by the general report among our people, and by the general statistics of the country, as well as by the special statistics brought out by this and all similar Bureaus, which have investigated this subject. On this account, these figures are interesting, and the facts brought out are of general public interest. The evils which touch and blight agriculture are of equally blighting effect on labor.
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